The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest tropical forest in the world. The Amazon Rainforest is located in the South American continent. The Amazon Rainforest has an area of 5.5 million square kilometers. The Amazon rainforest covers 9 countries with a vast area of up to 7 million square kilometers. The 9 countries include Brazil with 60% of the forest, Peru, Venezuela, Colombo, Bolivia, Guyana, Ecuador, Suriname, and French Guiana. The Amazon Rainforest region itself is commonly known as “The Lungs of The World”. This is because the Amazon Rainforest can produce up to 30% of all oxygen on earth. In addition, the Amazon Rainforest is very famous with the nickname “Green Hell” caused by river water that often overflows each year. Besides, the Amazon Rainforest also famous as a “Home of Animals”
The Amazon Rainforest also has a very important role as a place to live or home for animals. More than 10,000 species of animals live in Amazon Rainforest. That number is not surprising given the vast area of the Amazon Rainforest which reaches up to 5.5 million square kilometers. A large number of species that live there consists of various kinds of animals. There are more than 430 mammals such as Jaguar, Puma, Capybara, Amazon River Dolphin, Tapir, Kinkajou, Sloth, Giant River Otter, Golden Lion Tamarin, and others. Besides, there are also 1,300 birds that include Harpy Eagle, Hoatzin, Macaws, Manakins, Hummingbirds, Woodpeckers, and Parakeets. In Amazon Rainforest also live more than 400 reptiles and this place is famous as a home of snakes such as Anaconda, Boa Constrictors, and Venomous snakes. In addition, more than 1,000 of amphibians such as Poison Dart Frog, Glass Frog, Green Iguana, Jesus Lizard lives there. There are also species of animals that live in the water, which are various kinds of fish. More than 5,600 kinds of fish like Arapaima or Pirarucu, Piranha, Arowana, Electric Eel, Neon Tetras, and Giant Catfish. It is around 10% of the animals whose species are very well known in the world.
Apart from being a home for various species of animals, the Amazon Rainforest is also very famous for having more than 40,000 plant species and also more than 16,000 tree species. It is unfortunate, that number is decreasing. This is caused by a very large forest fire. The fires that started from January to August 2019 have burned the Amazon forest covering an area of 18,627 hectares. The fire was caused by a long dry season. Fires in the Amazon Rainforest attract a lot of attention from animal lovers who want to help save animals that are still alive.